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Family Research: U.S. Census

Federal censuses took place from the year 1790 on every ten years. There are some state census years between the Federal censuses. A list of the data you can get with each census see below.

1850 was the first year that people in the household other than the head of the household were listed on the Federal Census. Prior to that time only the head of household was listed and the number of people in certain age groups were annotated by how many of them fell into certain age groups and their sex. The age groupings were not consistent from census year to census year.

Soundex and census microfilm can be ordered from the Family History Center in Salt Lake City through your local LDS Family History Center. Check out their catalogue of available material ! Many Public libraries in the USA have census records as well, but some will just have the section of the country where they are located.

 

The informations on the US Federal Census from 1790-1930
1790 Name of family head, free white males of 16 years and up; free white males, under 16; free white females; slaves.
1800 Names of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves.
1810 Names of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves.
1820 Name of family head; age; sex; race; foreigners not naturalized; slaves; industry (agriculture, commerce, and manufactures).
1830 Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; deaf and dumb; blind; foreigners not naturalized.
1840 Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; number of deaf and dumb; number of blind; number of insane and idiotic and whether in public or private charge; number of persons in each family employed in each of six classes of industry and one of occupation; literacy; pensioners for Revolutionary or military service.
1850 Name; age; sex; race; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; value of real estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether a pauper or convict. Supplemental schedules for slaves, and persons who died during the year.
1860 Name; age; sex; race; value of real estate; value of personal estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb; blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict; number of slave houses. Supplemental schedules for slaves, and persons who died during the year.
1870 Name; age; race; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; birthplaces; whether parents were foreign born; month of birth if born within the year; month of marriage if married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; male citizens 21 and over, and number of such persons denied the right to vote for other than rebellion. Supplemental schedules for persons who died during the year.
1880 Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; occupation; months unemployed during the year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents. Supplemental schedules for persons who died during the year.
Census records were soundexed (the name is indexed by the way it sounds). In 1880 it is said that only families with children aged 10 years or younger were indexed.
1890 General schedules most destroyed by a fire in the National Archives in 1921 (Read more at this site: 1890 census). Supplemental schedules for Union veterans of the Civil War and their widows.
1900 Address; name: relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status, number of years married; for women, number of children born and number now living; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born. year of immigration and whether naturalized; occupation; months not employed; school attendance; literacy; ability to speak English; whether on a farm; home owned or rented and if owned, whether mortgaged.
There is a complete soundex for all states.
1910 Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years of present marriage; for women, number of children born and number now living; birthplace and mother tongue of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration, whether naturalized, and whether able to speak English, or if not, language spoken; occupation, industry, and class of worker: if an employee, whether out of work during year; literacy; school attendance; home owned or rented; if owned, whether mortgaged; whether farm or house; whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy; whether blind, deaf and dumb.
There is a Soundex for only the following states: AL, AR, CA, FL, GA, IL, KS, KY, LA, MI, MS, MO, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV.
1920 Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; if foreign born, year of immigration to the U.S., whether naturalized, and year of naturalization; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents mother tongue of foreign born; ability to speak English; occupation, industry, and class of worker; home owned or rented; if owned, whether free or mortgaged.
There is a complete soundex for all states.
1930 Containing records for approximately 123 million Americans, the 1930 United States Federal Census is the largest census released to date and is the most recent census available for public access. The census gives us a glimpse into the lives of Americans in 1930, and contains information about a household’s family members and occupants including: birthplaces, occupations, immigration, citizenship, and military service.
 The census records 1940 are not currently available for viewing by the public. The US Government has mandated that the records be closed for 72 years after the census was taken.

 

 
 
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